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  • URN: 5.17
  • Artist Name : HILL, Adrian
  • Artwork Name: Chichester Market Cross
  • Printing Process: Lithograph
  • Support Surface: Paper
  • Overall Size (w x h, cms): 37 x 32 cms
  • Image Size (w x h, cms): 21 x 15 cms
  • Price: £65.00
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  • Locale of work: England, Chichester, West Sussex
  • Category: Prints
  • Print Category: Modern Prints
  • Subject Category: Buildings And City - Town - Village And Midhurst - Local & Surrounding Area
  • Colour: Monochrome
  • Framing State: Framed, Double Mounted, Glazed
  • Listings:

    ppROI, RBA, RI

  • Publisher: Recording Britain, Edited, with notes, by Arnold Palmer; Published by Oxford University Press, Geoffrey Cumberlege.
  • Publication Magazine: “Recording Britain” (c.1945)
  • Notes: A Lithograph Print from an original Pencil and Watercolour by Adrian Hill in circa 1945. The original watercolour was from 'Recording Britain'; a collection of topographical watercolours and drawings made during the Second World War in the early 1940s. Employed by the Committee for the Employment of Artists in Wartime, part of the Ministry of Labour and National Service, a scheme was luanched for artists to record the home front in Britain. The subjects were typically English towns and villages, churches, market towns, rural landscapes and industries, country estates, rivers, ruins and monuments. Established by Sir Kenneth Clark, then the director of the National Gallery, the scheme was known as 'Recording the changing face of Britain' and ran until 1943. It ran along side the official War Artists' Scheme, which Clark also initiated, primarily to meet concerns of the documentation of the British landscape in the face of the imminent threat of bomb damage, invasion, and loss caused by the operations of war. Over 1500 works were eventually produced by 97 artists, of whom 63 were specially commissioned. The scheme employed some of the country's finest watercolour painters, such as John Piper, Sir William Russell Flint and Rowland Hilder to make paintings and drawings of buildings, scenes, and places which captured a sense of national identity during a tumultuous and uncertain time. This artwork has been double mounted, framed and glazed; with hanging attachments on the back.
  • Further Information: ADRIAN HILL ppROI RBA RI 1897 - 1977 Adrian Hill studied at St. John's Wood School of Art, 1912-14, then at the Royal College of Art, 1919-20. During World War I he was an official war artist, producing outstanding pictures from the front line, now in the Imperial War Museum (e.g. Gallery XI 1663 -Ruins (North of the Somme). He exhibited at the Royal Academy, Royal Society of British Artists, New English Art Club, Royal Hibernian Academy, Royal Institute of Oil Painters, in the provinces and overseas, including Paris Salon. His work is in many public collections, including the Victoria & Albert Museum. The War-time Artist: Drawing on the front-line was often a hazardous, but illuminating experience. In the months before his appointment as an artist, Adrian Hill had served as a scout and sniper. He recalled a typical drawing patrol in No-Man's-Land: "I advanced in short rushes, mostly on my hands and knees with my sketching kit dangling around my neck. As I slowly approached, the wood gradually took a more definite shape, and as I crept nearer I saw that what was hidden from our own line, now revealed itself as a cunningly contrived observation post in one of the battered trees'. Many of Hill's later front-line drawings share this same quality - hurriedly drawn eye-witness accounts of lone figures scurrying across the flattened ground, tanks marooned on the battlefield, signallers feeding out wire in a dissipated space." "The young war-time artists Paul Maze and Adrian Hill exercised their artistic talents in exposed forward positions. Maze worked for fifth Army intelligence; Hill combined his drawing abilities with his work in a Scouting and Sniping Section of the Honourable Artillery Company." "He was told precisely what to draw: Towns and localities behind the lines which are specially identified with the British Army ... points of juncture between our line and the line occupied by the French, American, Belgian and Portuguese, so as to show the different nationalities side by side ... labour and engineering work by Coloured Battalions which show the distinct dress of the Chinese etc., and especially some sketches of Tanks HQ showing repairing and the like. In time Hill produced an extensive portfolio of 187 pen and ink drawings documenting the activities of the war zone." Art Therapy: Adrian Hill is credited with coining the phrase "Art Therapy" in 1942 and became involved in that discipline through King Edward VII Hospital, Midhurst. "Hill, like many art therapy pioneers, was very aware of the traumatising effects of the war and felt that "the extent of war damaged minds, bodies and hopes far exceed that of property and estate", and must be dealt with. His work with injured soldiers, whose paintings veered between escapist portraits of brunettes and depictions of horrific war scenes, led to his belief that art therapy was more than mere recreation. Hill had been admitted into hospital in 1938 for a minor operation, which meant lying on his side for long periods. He found himself facing a flowering cyclamen which, when he could move more freely, he painted. From then on, he regularly painted objects which appeared on his bedside table. Since Hill's day, art therapy has been used clinically in areas such as mental health, for people with learning difficulties, in education, for prisoners, and with both children and adults. Recently, in ethnic Albanian refugee camps in the Balkans, art therapy was used to help, particularly the children, overcome traumas." Adrian Hill's Sketch Club: The Sketch Club was an after-school BBC TV show in the late 1950s and early 1960s which would judge and show pictures painted and crayoned by its young viewers. Many artists today recall their triumphs of having their early pictures chosen for Adrian Hill’s celebrated television programme. The Writer: The Beginner's Book of Oil Painting; How to Draw; Sketching and Painting Out of Doors; Faces and Figures; Landscapes and Seascapes; Beginner's Book of Watercolour Painting; On Drawing and Painting Trees; Adventures in Line and Tone; Drawing and Painting of Flowers; Painting Out Illness; Drawing countryside; What shall we draw? Art Versus Illness: a Story of Art Therapy; Architecture in Landscape; Mastery of Watercolour Painting. Adrian Hill lived in Midhurst and was the first president of the Midhurst Art Society.
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